To learn how to
make decisions through a process of scientific reasoning.
Children in grades 4-6 can learn to make decisions other than by default, by whim or
chance, on the basis of emotions, or because of influence from others. They can learn to
make sound, healthy decisions by using a modification of the scientific method. By
teaching children to approach decisions logically by assessing information and
considering cause and effect educators can help children realize that there may be
more than one answer to a problem and that making decisions requires careful thought. This
lesson helps children develop tools that they can use in a variety of situations requiring
decisions. When this approach is practiced and becomes familiar, it can provide a way for
children to decide not to use drugs and or make other harmful choices in life.
Explain to the class that you are going to teach about a scientific way to make decisions.
The steps are:
State what the decision is about.
State possible alternative choices.
Gather information about all
Decide from among the alternatives.
Explain that this approach to decision
making requires students to consider each alternative carefully, to gather information, to
look at the consequences of each alternative, and to weigh which is the best option.
Divide the class into small groups and
give each one a vignette (see PDF worksheet file). Have them discuss the problem posed and
determine possible solutions. Have them follow the guide questions to determine as a group
what they should do. Present each group's decision to the class.
Decision-making vignettes (see PDF worksheet file).
Download Activity Worksheet
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to Live Drug-Free, A Curriculum Model for Prevention, U.S. Department of Education's Safe
and Drug-Free Schools Program